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首页 ::  Magento开发 ::  Magento安装设置 ::  magento的结账过程(Checkout Process)
 
magento的结账过程(Checkout Process)

  作者: Magento   |   2010-06-29     阅读次数:1648     关键字:Magento程序,Magento程序修改


In this chapter we will discuss the details of the checkout process, including localization, Taxes, Shipping Methods, and Payment Methods. But before describing each aspect of the checkout process in depth, let’s take a moment to discuss the checkout process as a whole, along with some of the basic checkout configuration settings. This way, you will have a better understanding of how localization, Taxes, Shipping, and Payment fit into the checkout process, giving each section a bit more context.
The process first begins when your customer adds a product to their cart. They can be redirected to the cart each time they add a product, or remain on the product page, only to be directed to the cart if they click one of the various shopping cart links. You can configure this setting by navigating to System > Configuration, clicking on the Checkout tab in the left column, and choose your preference from the After adding a product redirect to shopping cart drop-down. Magento automatically saves the contents of your customers’ shopping carts, but you can limit the amount of time a product will remain in the cart by entering the limit, in days, in the Quote Lifetime field. If your customer continues shopping, they will have a quick view of the shopping cart in the right column of all category, product and CMS pages that include the right column (which you can specify in the design settings for each page individually).
Checkout Process1
At the top of the cart view will be a summary of the quantity of items in the cart. This can display either the number of different products (line items) or the total quantity of each line item. You can specify this setting in the Display Cart Summary drop-down.
When your customers arrive to the shopping cart, they will see each product listed in a separate row. Each product here is referred to as a line item. For each line item, your customers have the option to add quantity to it, or remove it from the cart altogether, and this can be done at any time. The image that displays for each line item is the Thumbnail image that you selected for each product. For Grouped and Configurable products, however, you have the option to use the Thumbnail of the Grouped or Configurable product, or the Thumbnail of the associated Simple Product. This is designated in the Grouped product image and Configurable product image drop-downs, respectively. To use the Thumbnail of the Grouped/Configurable Product, select Parent Product Thumbnail. To use the Thumbnail of the associated Simple Product, select Product Thumbnail itself. In the cart there is also a link to Continue Shopping, so that your customers can add more products to the cart. If they have a coupon code which will offer them a discount, they must enter it in the Shopping Cart, in the Discount Codes field (there is more information about Shopping Cart Price Rules in Chapter 5: Promotions, Marketing and Content Pages), in order for it to be applied during Checkout.
Checkout Process2
When they click the Apply Coupon button, the coupon will be applied to the cart and appear in the checkout totals in the bottom right corner. Your customers can also receive Shipping and Tax estimates prior to the checkout process. They must enter their Country, State/Province, and Zip/Postal Code in the Estimate Shipping and Tax field, and click Get a Quote. The available shipping rates will appear directly below.
Checkout Process3
Your customers can then click the Update Total button, and the selected shipping rate, along with the tax (if applicable) will add to the checkout totals in the bottom right corner. Your customers can change shipping rates at any time, and refresh the checkout totals by clicking the Update Total button again. The checkout totals includes the Subtotal, Discount, Shipping, Tax, and Grand Total.
Checkout Process4
You can configure the order of these amounts by navigating to System > Configuration, clicking on the Sales tab in the left column, and entering the sort orders in the Checkout totals sort order section.
The tax will vary depending on the tax settings you specify. Navigate to System > Configuration, and click on the Sales tab in the left column. Here, you can designate whether to Apply Tax after Discount. If you select Yes, the tax will calculate as a percentage of the discounted price rather than the Subtotal. You can also choose the Tax Class for Shipping, if you want to charge tax on the shipping costs (more on this in the Taxes section below). Lastly, you can calculate the Tax Based On the customers’ billing or shipping address, or the shipping origin (the address of your store or warehouse, which you can define in the Shipping Settings tab). If you choose to base tax on the shipping origin, which is a fixed address that you must configure, your tax rates will be fixed, and you will then have the option to set Catalog prices include tax to Yes. If you do, Magento will subtract sales tax from the product price you entered in the catalog. For example, you have a product listed for $110.00, and the tax rate is 10%. Instead of the customer being charged 10% on top of the $110.00, and paying $121.00 total, they will only pay $110.00 total. The actual product price will therefore be $100.00, and the other $10.00 will be used as the sales tax ($10.00 is 10% of $100.00). The $100.00 price will be shown in the shopping cart as the Unit Price (Excl. Tax), or the price excluding tax, so your customers can see that the tax was already included in the catalog price they saw in your site.
Checkout Process5
Tax not included in catalog price
Checkout Process6
When your customers have added all the items they want to purchase to the cart, they will click the Proceed to Checkout button in the cart. There is also a Checkout button in the Shopping Cart quick view, and a Checkout link in the page header at all times (if you have PayPal or Google Checkout enabled, separate checkout buttons will appear for these options). If they are not already logged in, they will have three options: Checkout as Guest, Register, and LOGIN.
Checkout Process7
If they choose to Checkout as Guest, they will enter all of the necessary order information, however an account will not be created for them when the checkout is complete. You can disable guest checkout by navigating to System > Configuration, clicking the Checkout tab in the left column, and selecting No from the Allow Guest Checkout drop-down. If they choose to Register, they will enter all of the necessary order information, including a password, and an account will be created simultaneously when the checkout is complete. If they choose to LOGIN, they must first enter their Email Address and Password, which will retrieve all of their account information, and they will only be required to enter the necessary order information which is not currently saved (for example, if they do not already have any addresses saved to their account).
Regardless of which of these three options they choose, they will checkout using Magento’s one-page checkout platform. This makes the checkout process easier than ever, with all the checkout information conveniently located on the same page, divided into separate tabs for better organization. The first tab includes the Billing Information (as well as name, email, and password, if needed), and the ability to select from different addresses and create new addresses. The second tab includes the Shipping Information, as well as the ability to change or add addresses. In the first tab, your customers have the option to specify that the shipping address will be the same as the billing address, in which case the second tab will be skipped altogether. The third tab will include the available shipping methods, as well as the option to add gift messages, if they are enabled. Gift messages can be applied to the order as a whole, or individually to each product. You can configure this by navigating to System > Configuration, and clicking the Sales tab in the left column. The Allow Gift Messages on Order Level drop-down controls whether one gift message can be placed for the whole order, and the Allow Gift Messages for Order Items drop-down controls whether one gift message can be placed for each product. You can choose to enable both, or just one. In the Shipping Method tab, the Order Level gift message will have a From field, To field and a Message field. The Item Level gift message(s) will have the same fields, as well as an indication as to which product the gift message is associated. The From and To fields will autopopulate with the billing address name and shipping address name, respectively. The fourth tab will include the Payment Information. The fifth tab will include the Order Review, and the Place Order button, which completes the order.
Checkout Process8
As your customers proceed through checkout, the information from each tab will be update in the Your Checkout Progress menu in the right column.
Checkout Process9
If you wish, Magento will automatically notify you via
RSS Feed of the creation of all new Orders, whether created in front-end the or the admin. In order to use this RSS feed, navigate to Sales > Orders, and click the New Order RSS link at the top of the page. You will be prompted to enter your User Name and Password. These are the same that you use to access the Magento admin panel. You will be redirected to the RSS page, where you can select which reader you would like to use for receiving this feed. This concludes the checkout process. Now, let’s a more detailed look at some of the aspects of the checkout process.






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